what was the belief of the majority of Jews regarding the resurrection?

For centuries, the Jews rejected the pagan belief in the immortality of the human soul. They were a cultured people, and any literate Jew could read the Hebrew Scriptures dozens of texts stating in clear terms that the “soul” can die. Some of these texts: Genesis 7:19 p.m., 20; 11:10 p.m. numbers; Joshua 2:13, 14; Psalm 10:29 p.m. (30 in Jewish Bibles); Ezekiel 18: 4, 20. The original hope of the Jews to live on earth in a paradise restored by the Messiah was therefore based on the belief in the resurrection, and not a natural immortality of the soul. The Jewish Encyclopedia confirms this by saying, “The resurrection was part of the Messianic hope Firstly, resurrection was regarded as a miraculous gift that was made ​​as righteous but later he was given universal application and attached it to the Last Judgment  The book says even allowed, regarding “hell”: “There is no biblical reason to believe in a reward of souls after death; This idea came from the Babylonians and Persians and took a Jewish color with the word ‘Gehinnom’ (the valley of Hinnom), the lights sacrifice of Manasseh to Molech had made ​​detestable (II Kings xxiii. 10).How is So -he that Jewish theologians of our time often teach the doctrines of the natural immortality of the soul and of eternal punishment? The Supplement to the Dictionary of the Bible gives us the following explanation: “[For the Jews] the salvation was first thought in terms of this world (…); may have been so brilliant interviews messianic perspectives, so long may have been designed the term of the coming kingdom, to the point that it seemed at times affected the sign of eternity, national and terrestrial quality of this religious age was a major factor. A new perspective was gradually affirmed as superimposed: the ‘discovery’ of a happy existence after death. “How were the Jews” discovered “that man has a” soul “that survives the death of the body? Once again, a look in a few reference books reliable information we accurately. The Jewish Encyclopedia admits: “It was necessary that the Jews were in contact with the Persian and Greek thought that the idea of a soul separate from the body and with its own individuality takes root in Judaism.” The Dictionary encyclopedic Bible confirms this explanation with these words: “The concept of immortality is a product of the Greek spirit, while the hope of a resurrection belongs to Jewish thought.(…) From the conquests of Alexander, Judaism penetrated slowly Hellenic influences. 

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